Key To Successful Housetraining Is Prevention,
Exam & Urine/Fecal Check
state of health will affect his ability
to be successfully housetrained (housebroken).
Make sure your puppy is seen by a vet
within 48 hours of his coming home from
the breeder or animal shelter. If your
puppy does not receive a "clean
bill of health", it is important
that any physical conditions that can
impede successful housetraining (such
as cystitis, bladder infection, etc.)
be properly treated. A fecal check will
determine whether worms or internal
parasites are present. (There are several
types of worms that are not visible
except under a microscope. Also, fleas
can cause tapeworm.)
Your Puppy A High-Quality Puppy Food
(recommend not switching puppy foods
that breeder has the puppies started
diet of a high-quality premium brand
dry (kibble) puppy food is recommended.
Avoid feeding your puppy table scraps
or changing brands unnecessarily. If
you should need to change your puppy's
food for any reason, do it gradually
over a period of 4 to 7 days (by overlapping
both the old and the new puppy food
together, until the old food is phased
out completely). [Note: Feeding your
puppy lots of canned dog food can loosen
his stool, making it harder to housebreak
Supervision Is Essential
supervision is essential any time your
puppy is not crated indoors (or confined
to a small area covered with newspapers)
. It only takes a few seconds for your
puppy to have a housesoiling accident,
so watch for signs that your puppy may
need to eliminate, such as sniffing
the floor, circling, or running out
of sight suddenly.
When Puppy Can't Be Supervised
training or area confinement are recommended
for puppies and most adolescent dogs
when left unsupervised alone in the
house. If properly introduced and used
appropriately, crate training is an
efficient and humane way to prevent
housetraining accidents as well keep
your puppy safe when you can not watch
him (or when you leave the house/apartment
without him). The crate should not be
used for excessive periods of time and
should not be used as a punishment (although
brief "time outs" in the crate
are fine). Sufficient daily companionship,
interactive playtime and exercise are
very important to all puppies and dogs.
Crate training and other forms of confinement
must be balanced with sufficient exercise
and companionship. Excessive periods
of isolation can be very detrimental
to your puppy, and can contribute to
numerous behavioral problems including
hyperactivity, destructive behavior,
digging, self-mutilation, and excessive
Puppy's Safety Zone, Grey Zone &
diary of your puppy's urinating and
defecating times for several days or
more. Determine the minimum interval
between elimination. Subtract 15-30
minutes from this period of time and
that will be your puppy's temporary
"Safety Zone". This is the
duration of time he can generally be
trusted to hold his urine after he is
taken for a walk or has "gone"
on his newspapers, provided he does
not drink a ton of water during this
time. Make sure however, that he is
still closely supervised any time he
is not confined to his crate or confinement
Access To Newspapers, Backyard, Or Taken
For A Walk If Fully Immunized - avoid
dog parks, parks where other animals
have been until fully vaccinated.
need to urinate shortly after the eat,
drink water, play, chew, or sleep. For
most puppies over 10 weeks of age, that
means somewhere between 5 and 10 times
a day! Adolescent dogs (from 6 to 11
mths. old) will need 4 to 6 walks a
day. Adult dogs need 3 to 4 walks a
day, and elderly dogs need at least
3 to 4 walks daily (incontinent dogs
will need more).
Not Return From A Walk Until Your Puppy
puppy has been confined overnight to
a crate, take him outside first thing
in the morning (before he's had a chance
to soil indoors.) Be prepared to stay
outdoors with him until he eliminates.
(This could take from a few minutes
to as much as several hours!) As soon
as your puppy eliminates outdoors, offer
him lavish praise and a treat. If you
take your puppy back inside the house
before he's fully eliminated, he will
surely have an housesoiling accident
If you absolutely have to return home
before your puppy does his "business",
crate him, then try taking him outside
again every 15-30 minutes until he "goes".]
Interactive Socialization With People
and ongoing interactive socialization
with lots of friendly new people (including
calm friendly children) is very important.
If your puppy is not immunized sufficiently
to taken for a walk, make sure to have
lots of new people visit your puppy
in your home. You can also carry your
puppy outdoors to public places to properly
acclimate him to the sights, sounds
and activities of the outdoors (especially
crowds of people and traffic noises)
soon after he has received at least
two series of shots, provided he is
not placed on the sidewalk or streets,
and he is not brought near other dogs
(or anywhere other dogs might have been).
& Reward Your Puppy For "Going"
paise, a trigger word (ie: "potty",
"get busy", "business",
"bombs away", etc.) and a
treat reward immediately following his
eliminating in the right place (newspapers,
backyard, or outdoors) will help you
to communicate to your puppy that you
are pleased with his behavior. Delayed
praise is not effective, so witnessing
him going in the right spot is important.
Access To Inappropriate Areas To Eliminate
and dogs prefer certain areas or surfaces
to eliminate on, such as rugs, carpeting,
etc. Keep your puppy away from risky
areas or surfaces whenever possible.
If your puppy suddenly runs out of sight
(ei: out of the room), he may be looking
for a secret spot to eliminate, so close
doors to rooms where he may sneak a
quick pee or poop.
Urine Odors With Enzyme-Based Deodorizer
your puppy have a few housesoiling accidents
despite your best efforts to prevent
them, neutralize any soiled areas (carpet
or floor surface) with an pet odor neutralizer
such as Nature's Miracle, Nilodor, Fresh
'n' Clean, or Outright Pet Odor Eliminator.
Avoid using ammonia-based cleaners to
clean up after your puppy's urine, as
ammonia breaks down to urea, which is
a component of urine.
Water After 9PM
speaking, it is advisable to take up
your puppy's water bowl after 9 PM,
unless he seems very thirsty or weather
conditions are exceedingly hot. (But
a couple of ice cubes are OK)
Worms and Parasites
your veterinarian if you suspect that
your puppy has worms, coccidia, fleas,
ticks, or other internal or external
Will Prevent Housetraining Success
or dog cannot be expected to be reliable
if he has diarrhea. Loose, liquidy or
mucousy stools will hinder any housetraining
Discipline Does NOT Work!
ever discipline (verbally or otherwise)
your puppy or dog after-the-fact for
housesoiling accidents that you did
not actually witness. (Even if you should
see your puppy eliminate on the floor
or carpet, harsh physical punishment
is never recommended.)
Discipline A Dog For Submissive Urination!
and excitement urination are completely
involuntary, so never discipline your
puppy for this. Eye contact, verbal
scoldings, hovering over, reaching out
to pet your puppy's head, animated movements,
talking in an exciting or loud voice,
as well as strangers/ visitors approaching
your puppy, may all potentially trigger
your puppy to piddle. Disciplining your
puppy for involuntary piddling must
be avoided or the problem will simply
How To Potty Train A Puppy The Easy
be a little frustrated right now because
house training is not progressing as
fast as you had hoped. Your puppy just
doesn't seem to get it... Or, maybe
you are planning ahead and want to start
potty training on the right paw !
puppy presents different challenges,
but there are common instincts that
will facilitate the house training process.
This article will detail a training
program with techniques that will house
train your puppy as soon as possible
and foster a trusting and loving relationship
between you and your pup.
for a young puppy to be a little 'input-output'
machine. Since they are growing and
developing rapidly at this stage, they
eat more food, burn up more energy and
seem to need to eliminate constantly!
Puppies have not yet developed bowel
and bladder control, so they can't 'hold
it' as long as adult dogs.
need time to developed a "den"
instinct to cause them to want to 'hold
it' and not soil the den, i.e., your
entire house. In their litter, puppies
just go whenever and wherever they happen
to be! Successful house training depends
upon your diligent supervision so you
can be there to show your pup where
you know, a puppy is never completely
housetrained until they are 6 months
old. For some breeds, even later. This
means that though you may be making
tremendous progress housetraining, there
will be "mistakes". Sometimes
for reasons you can't figure out! Don't
fret about it. Stay focused on the progress
you are making. Your confidence in the
techniques you are using to house train
your puppy will ensure your success.
Five Rules for House Training
Give your puppy frequent access to his
toilet area - prevent soiling in the
Reward the pup for peeing or pooping
in the right place - use a special treat.
Never punish the pup for housetraining
"mistakes" - scolding has
Put your puppy on a regular and timely
feeding schedule - in/out clockwork.
Know when your puppy last eliminated
- keep a diary.
often do puppies have to potty?
have to eliminate about every 30-45
minutes except, of course, when sleeping.
Their elimination schedule will depend
upon when they last ate or drank water;
rambunctious physical activity; and
the big unknown - personal preference!
That's right - every pup has their own
inherent elimination schedule. The good
news is, puppies sleep alot!
below on "HouseTraining Taxi Service"
will tell you WHEN to give your pup
immediate access to her toilet area.
For now - keep reading.
puppy is not sleeping in her crate or
pen, and is out in the house, you must
follow her around to know what she is
doing: chewing a bone, running circles,
getting a drink of water, etc. In fact,
don't take your eye off of her! If you
cannot watch her continuously, you must
put her back into her pen or crate to
prevent potty training "mistakes".
feedings will house train a puppy faster
important to put your puppy on a regular
and timely feeding schedule; What goes
in on a regular schedule will come out
on a regular schedule. Every pup is
different; some poop immediately after
eating; with others it may be 30 minutes
to an hour after eating. Unless advised
by your vet for some medical reason,
do not free-feed. That is, do not leave
food out all the time. For two reasons:
First, your pup's elimination schedule
will be random at best. And second,
she will not necessarily associate you
as the provider of her food (see our
article on being a pack leader and winning
a puppy's respect and trust).
leave water out for your puppy. Check
the water bowl frequently to note how
much she is drinking and to make sure
the water bowl is full.
best way to potty train a puppy
to a small area such as a bathroom or
an enclosed exercise pen in combination
with confinement to a crate works best.
is the most effective and flexible.
Your pup needs to develop his natural
"den instinct" and learn where
to eliminate - and where not to. To
potty train our puppy we must condition
a desire in the pup to avoid soiling
the "den" - your house. Confinement
and your due diligence in providing
access outside the "den" to
potty and poop will develop this instinct
and eventual desire. When and how to
use confinement is described in detail
a designated toilet area for House Training
do you want to train your puppy to always
potty and poop? The puppy toilet
area needs to be accessible very quickly.
If you live in a high rise apartment,
or a street level apartment or home
with DIFFICULT outdoor access, use a
bathroom or pen in the home for housetraining.
If, however, you live in a street level
apartment or home with EASY outdoor
access, use a specific, very close outdoor
location and use "Housetraining
Taxi Service." You will still use
an indoor pen for housetraining purposes,
but outdoors will be your puppy's primary
the items you need for housetraining
and set up the household:
A few bottles of Nature's Miracle or
similar product to remove urine and
fecal stains and odor. Place these in
a central or multiple locations in your
house with paper towels.
A crate that will fit next to your bed
but only large enough to accomodate
your puppy when full grown. I prefer
the wire type for a full view of the
puppy. Get one that also collapses for
An exercise pen that your puppy cannot
jump out of. Put the exercise pen in
a central location where you spend most
of your time at home. You may want to
put a tarp down first then set the pen
on top of it.
Special housetraining treats (rewards)
- something small and special, reserved
and used only for a housetraining reward.
These treats should be kept close to
the designated toilet area.
An uplifting, cheery, excited tone of
voice to carry with you at all times
( do they have that at the pet store?
To house train my puppy I have to call
a cab? Well, not exactly, here's the
scoop. Puppies will decide to potty
or poop instantly, giving you no warning.
So many times when housetraining, a
puppy is led to the door and on the
way they just stop and do their business.
This usually happens because the puppy
has not developed enough bladder or
bowel control yet to "hold it"
until they get to the toilet area or
they simply don't know where the toilet
area is yet. Not only has the pup made
"a mistake," but you have
lost a chance to reward for going in
the right place.
to house training is preventing "mistakes"
and rewarding the puppy for going in
your chosen spot.
is simply picking the puppy up into
your arms, taking them to the designated
toilet area, setting them down and praising
them for going where you want. If you
are going outside, put a collar and
leash on the pup immediately after picking
them up, unless the toilet area is safely
enclosed and escape proof.
should you provide "HouseTraining
Immediately upon your puppy waking up
(morning, noon or night).
Immediately after they finish eating,
get a big drink of water, and after
When you think they might have to go
- about every 45 minutes.
too often than too late!
When your puppy whines in the crate
in the middle of the night or whines
in their pen during the day. Take them
out to potty, reward for going and put
them right back. If they continue to
whine, see our article on whining and
When your puppy is standing at the door
to the outside. Why not just let them
out, you say? Well, he may not make
it all the way to the toilet area, potty
or poop in the "wrong" place
and you have missed a housetraining
how long should you provide "HouseTraining
Taxi Service" ?
pup for about one month (until the pup
is about 3 months old as this should
give the pup enough time to develop
some bladder and bowel control). By
doing so, you will prevent many mistakes.
At the same time you will train a stong
preference in your pup to eliminate
in your chosen spot. The pup will also
learn that being picked up gets - kisses
have a large breed puppy and can't pick
them up, slip on a leash quickly and
"rush" them to the potty area,
do not stop until you are there !
Training Warnings - "I'm gonna
what, you get no warning before a young
puppy is about to potty! They just squat
and do it... in an instant. So, if they
potty in the wrong place, you didn't
take them to their potty area soon enough
- plain and simple.
with a poop you might get some warning
- sometimes sniffing; usually circling
by the puppy. By paying close attention
to your puppy when they are out and
about in the house, you may get a heads-up.
to do if you catch your puppy in the
act of a potty training "mistake"...
is peeing in the wrong place... you
may be able to stop him. Move quickly
towards him when he begins to pee and
pick him up. Urgency is key here - you
want to startle the pup just a little
as you move towards them to pick them
up, but you DO NOT want to scare the
pup. You are redirecting your puppy
to the right spot - not disciplining
him. Immediately after picking him up,
take him to the potty area and patiently
wait. Most pups will finish there. Reward
your pup with exuberance!
pup is pooping... let them finish. Puppies
are not able to shut off a poop like
they can shut off a pee. More likely
than not, you'll just create a huge
mess by trying to interupt a poop.
never make a big deal about cleaning
up after your puppy when an accident
at your bedtime and when you wake up
you go to bed and turn out the lights,
go get your puppy, no matter where she
may be, asleep or not, and taxi her
to the potty area. Reward and praise
as always for eliminating. Put her in
the crate next to your bed and retire
for the night.
thing in the morning, take her out of
the crate and taxi her to the potty
area. Return her to the crate or pen
unless you are able to supervise her
without distraction. Feeding is usually
next up. Feed your pup breakfast around
the same time each morning and in the
House Training When you are NOT Home
your puppy to his, 'puppy-proofed' bathroom
or an exercise pen and paper (or wee-wee
pad) the entire floor. Put his bed,
toys and food/water bowls there. At
first there will be no rhyme or reason
to where your pup eliminates. He will
go every where and any where. He will
also probably play with the papers,
chew on them, and drag them around his
little den. Most puppies do this and
you just have to live with it. Don't
get upset; just accept it as life with
a young puppy. The important thing is
that when you get home, clean up the
mess and lay down fresh papers.
your puppy is confined to the bathroom
or his pen, he is developing a habit
of eliminating on paper because no matter
where he goes, it will be on paper.
As time goes on, he will start to show
a preferred place to do his business.
When this place is well established
and the rest of the papers remain clean
all day, then gradually reduce the area
that is papered. Start removing the
paper that is furthest away from his
chosen location. Eventually you will
only need to leave a few sheets down
in that place only. If he ever misses
the paper, then you've reduced the area
too soon. Go back to papering a larger
puppy is reliably going only on the
papers you've left, then you can slowly
and gradually move his papers to a location
of your choice. Move the papers a little
bit each day. If puppy misses the paper,
then you're moving too fast. Go back
a few steps and start over. Don't be
discouraged if your puppy seems to be
making remarkable progress and then
suddenly you have to return to papering
the entire area. This is normal. There
will always be minor set-backs. If you
stick with this procedure, your puppy
will be paper trained.
Training When You ARE Home
are home but can't attend to your puppy,
follow the same procedures described
above. However, the more time you spend
with your puppy, the quicker he will
be house trained. Your objective is
to take your puppy to his toilet area
every time he needs to eliminate. This
should be about once every 30-45 minutes;
just upon waking; just after eating
or drinking; and just after a play session.
Provide house training taxi service
to avoid unnecessary "mistakes".
pup does eliminate in his toilet area,
praise and reward him profusely and
enthusiastically! Don't use any type
of reprimand or punishment for mistakes
or accidents. Your puppy is too young
to understand and it can set the house
training process back drastically.
allow your puppy freedom outside of
his room or pen unless you know absolutely
for sure that his bladder and bowels
are completely empty. When you do let
him out, don't let him out of your sight.
It is a good idea to have him on leash
when he is exploring your home. He can't
get into trouble if you are attached
to the other end of the leash. Never,
ever tie the puppy's leash to something
and leave the puppy unattended.
puppy becomes more reliable about using
his toilet area and his bowel and bladder
control develops, he can begin to spend
more time outside his room or pen with
you in the rest of your home. Begin
by giving him access to one room at
a time. Let him eat, sleep and play
in this room but only when he can be
supervised. When you cannot supervise
him, put him back in his room or pen.
important thing you can do to make house
training happen as quickly as possible
is to reward and praise your puppy every
time he goes in the right place. The
more times he is rewarded, the quicker
he will learn. Therefore it's important
that you spend as much time as possible
with your puppy and give him regular
and frequent access to his toilet area.
Key To Successful House Training
and Patience. Never scold or punish
your puppy for mistakes and accidents.
The older your pup gets, the more he
will be able to control his bladder
and bowels. Eventually your pup will
have enough control that he will be
able to "hold it" for longer
and longer periods of time. Let your
puppy do this on his own time. When
training is rushed, problems usually
develop. Don't forget, most puppies
are not completely house trained until
they are 6 months old.